Heritage Education in India

Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage

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Icons of Some Cities - Patiala, Punjab Back


The Gurudwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib is situated in what used to be the village of Lehal, now Patiala city. According to local tradition, supported by an old handwritten document preserved in the Gurudwara, Bhag Ram, a Jhivar of Lehal, waited upon Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji during his sojourn at Saifabad(now Bahadurgarh) and made a request that he might be pleased to visit and bless his village so that its in inhabitants could be rid of a serious and mysterious sickness which had seen their bane for a long time. The Guru visited Lehal on Magh Sudi 5, 1728, Bikram 0n 24th January 1672 and stayed under a banyan tree of a pond. The sickness in the village subsided. The side where Guru Tegh Bahadur had sat came to be known as Dukh Nivaran, literally meaning eradicator of suffering. The Gurudwara when completed passed under the administrative control of the Patiala state government. But it eventually transferred to the Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee. The two- storey has a collapsible Iron Gate and black and white marble floor. The pinnacled lotus dome on top has a round sun- window on each side with a curved coping, projected horizontally at the ends. The ceiling is decorated with Stucco work in floral- design. The 75 metre square sarovar, since considerably extended is on the right and Guru Ka Langar on the left as one enters. A big gathering is held on the fifth day of the light half of each lunar month.

Gurudwara Dukh Nivaran Sahib Kiran Preet Kaur
9th, Senior Secondary Model School


The Kali Devi Temple devoted to the deity Durga, is one of the holiest places of reverence for the Hindus in Punjab the eye catching architecture pattern of this pattern of this temple makes this place the main attraction of the people who visit the town of Patiala. The royal family of Patiala constructed this architectural monument which is now a significant shrine of city’s history. The serene surroundings of the Kali Devi Temple endow with eternal peace the souls and minds of the people who visit this place. One can witness the traditional rites and rituals that are performed at this temple which are slowly fading away with the modern times. This time strictly follows the traditional rituals and customs of the past and encourages the disciples and devotees to follow the same path. The sacred Kali Devi Temple houses the illustrations of the bygone era. The walls of the temples are adorned with splendid sceneries and skillful mural paintings, ornamenting this holy place. This temple was built by Maharaja Bhupinder Singh. He brought a 6feet large statue of Kali from Bengal to Patiala in 1936. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh offered his first Bali of a Water Buffalo. A huge tombstone of Kali is placed inside the temple. This temple is a real witness of old customs. The temple has some Sanskrit Patras. It is believed Ved Vyasa is the writer of these scripts. This large complex attracts Hindu and Sikh devotees from distant places. As an average estimate, devotees offer more han 60,000 liquor bottles during Navaratras alone and this liquor goes into a Sharab Kund. Anyone who makes his or her presence before Kali Devi here with pure heart and soul gets her kind blessings immediately

Shri Kali Devi Temple Narinder
IX, Model Sen. Sec. School